Guns are one of your primary defenses against the undead. Having two guns: primary and secondary is recommended. It is suggested that your primary weapon should be a rifle or a carbine. It is recommended that your secondary should be a handgun. It is advisable to grab any gun you can find, but stick with the ones that are the most effective. Although guns can be a number one on your list they do make a lot of sound so they can attract them so it then might be hard to get away.
Suppressors (often incorrectly called a "silencer") are highly desirable, though not readily available (in many places, unlicensed possession of a manufactured suppressor for a handgun is a major felony). Remember that they do not silence your weapon completely, they merely muffle the noise of the gunshot and the muzzle flash. Rapid firing can also damage all but the best suppressors. Suppressors are usually paired with special subsonic ammunition designed for proper suppressor operation.
It is quite difficult to manufacture in the home workshop as specialized tools are needed to thread the barrel for attachment. Suppressors on shotguns exist, but need to be extremely large to be effective, making the shotgun even more front heavy and unwieldy.
Barring single-shot weapons, most shotguns, and belt-fed weapon systems, almost all military and many civilian weapons use detachable magazines (Not to be confused with clips.). Lack of a compatible magazine can turn a firearm from a combat-ready semi-automatic, self-loading weapon into a single-shot, manually-loaded gun useful for little more than hunting. Should you choose a civilian firearm, be wary of proprietary magazines manufactured only for that weapon and which are incompatible with other firearms. Several magazines should be kept within easy reach of your hands (such as in a pocket or preferably load bearing equipment designed for carrying spare magazines), along with a box of spare ammunition in your pack. Because similar-sounding diameter of a bullet does not mean it works with another gun
Grenade Launcher (Attachment)
A grenade launcher attachment is an attachment for firearms, primarily for assault rifles, which can fire a grenade. During the zombie apocalypse, they would be of mixed usefulness, depending on who they are used against. If used against the undead, it may not kill it, but against the infected zombie type, or against other hostile survivors, it will be devestating if they are caught in the explosion.
Bows or Crossbows
Bows, compound bows, and crossbows are a very stealthy way to clear zombies and people out of an area. Having the right arrow length, draw length, draw weight and arrowhead will all be important factors to consider.
Main article: KnifeThe knife is the perfect tool. It can kill, cut, and be useful in almost any situation. Be careful about which kind of knife you choose, because it might fail at the moment you need it most. Also make sure it is full tang and not just a blade attached to a handle. Though it may seem like a good idea at first, do not use a kitchen knife as a regular weapon, they're just printed stainless-steel and will shatter if you rely on it solely. You could also attach a knife to your gun if you have bayonet lug, if not, duct taping the knife to the gun could work for a while. One thing to remember is that if you are in range to stab a zombie with a knife, it is in range to bite and scratch you. Knives should only be used in combat if no other option, including running, is available.
Multi tool/Swiss army knifeA great multi-purpose tool that is widely available. Make sure that it is a good size one, because the smaller ones have very little tools. A quality multi-tool has the following tools in it:
- Miniature Saw
- Can Opener
This is better than a full size saw, as it takes up much less room. You most likely don't have one of these, so you should make a stop by your closest sporting goods store.
A great weapon/tool, can clear brushes, help build a camp and kill zombies. A survivor should try to get one that fits his/her own personal preference and hand.
Another good option is the Kukri, which is a powerful chopping tool. Chopping blades are designed to have more weight near the tip to increase the amount of force generated in a swing. Well-designed Machetes and Kukris are meant to process wood for hours at a time without damaging their edges.
Needed to sharpen your blades. Whenever you have free time, you should sharpen your knives. For sharpening hunting knifes, swords, axe's, and machetes, you should use a wetstone sharpener, the sharpener you use to sharpen your kitchen knives is not made for anything other than kitchen knives.
Satllite-based navigation systems would only remain viable for a relatively short period following a breakdown of the infrastructure required to support them; inaccuracies due to lack of upkeep would be noticeable in weeks, and would render global positioning satellite systems useless within months. But it's always worth learning how to use a map, a magnetic compass, and other navigational tools (pre-apocalypse) as this removes the need to rely on electronics that can fail or simply run out of power. Physical maps and compasses are easy to come by, and are also far less expensive than a GPS receiver or equivalent device. Plus, they're easy to use. Other navigational devices, such as sextants, are more difficult to find, require much more training to use, and are usable only at night, but are extremely useful in areas with no landmarks, such as the open ocean.
Radios are useful for finding remaining survivors and listening to advice from emergency services in early points of outbreak and for communication between you and your group.
There are two main types of radio communications: Broadcast radio, and two-way radio
This refers to radio that is intended only for the receiver to listen to, but not to answer back. Most of us are familiar with standard AM and FM broadcasts of music or talk radio stations, and receiving equipment is ubiquitous, even in the third world and remote, isolated areas.These radios are so familiar that there is no need to specifically discuss them in depth. Suffice it to say that, in the event of an outbreak, an AM/FM combined radio receiver will be a valuable tool to find out about the outbreak and any plans being made etc. It is quite conceivable that government agencies will see the enormous benefit they can derive from securing radio broadcasts and will make every effort to keep broadcasting as long as possible. Even if radio stations are overrun, efforts to liberate them will take a high priority. There are two difficulties associated with AM and FM broadcasts, and these are the relatively short range (typically only 30-50 miles radius), and high power requirements to keep them on line on batteries.
There is another form of radio broadcasting that the developed world has largely forgotten, and this is Short Wave Radio (SW). Short Wave radio typically covers far greater distances and can be received from all over the world. Short Wave broadcasts will be invaluable in the event that your continent is overrun by zombies, but there are sizable communities of humans living on other continents that haven't yet been affected. There is no doubt that broadcasts will be set up from other countries to reach out to beleagured people in other parts of the world.
Short Wave receivers may be difficult to obtain in certain parts of the world, so being prepared beforehand is advisable.Wikipedia has an excellent article on Short Wave Radio, which is well worth reading.
Two way radios are designed, as the name implies, for two way communication. This field is vast, and covering every aspect of this field is beyond the scope of this document. For in-depth information, refer to Wikipedia's article on Two Way Radio.
For the ease of simplicity and to avoid long-winded discussions about the hundreds of different radio systems, my recomendation is that, in the event of a serious outbreak, a visit to a Ham radio vendor will be a very beneficial pursuit. Modern Ham Radios can be easily modified to work outside the regulated Amateur Radio bands and even non-modified radios will be useful because there is no doubt that the first, and last, people broadcasting will be Ham Radio operators. If you are not a licensed Amateur Radio operator, then it is illegal for you to broadcast on restricted frequencies, but in the event of a zombie apocalypse, normal rules don't apply.
Which radio to use?
TheIcom IC-7000 and Yaesu FT-897 are very versatile radios if you can get your hands on them. Both can be modified to transmit and receive on virtually all bands where other people are likely to be transmitting. They are both reasonably compact, easy to set up, and very good quality. If you also have the relevant Antenna Tuning Unit for the radio, your communications capabilities will be excellent and you should be able to make communication with people nearby, as well as around the world.
If you're not able to procure one of these radios, any of the modern ham radios will prove extremely useful. Avoid using commercial radio equipment and equipment procured from taxis, delivery vehicles, couriers etc, as these normally only work on specific channels, and require infrastructure or networks to operate.
Thermal/Night Vision Goggles
Thermal and image intensification systems are carried by most line infantry, and can be easily found at most sporting goods stores and outfitters. Both kinds of devices can greatly enhance one's ability to move around and detect threats at night.
In case you have a scouting party or you go into a area you never been to, you'll need to know or remember some problems you'll faced there. Also good to document the apocalypse, or to video tape zombies so scientists can study it, and learn better ways to kill them. Plus, many cameras have an infrared night vision mode, which is useful if you don't have night vision goggles.
- Hand Sanitizer: Helps prevent sickness and infection.
- Soap: Helps disinfect hands and body.
- Comb/Brush: Keeps hair clear of knots, debris, and combats parasites.
- Toothbrush: Helps prevent oral infections and tooth decay.
- Toothpaste : Helps prevent tooth decay.
- Toilet paper: For use as tissues, and for wiping yourself.
- Sunscreen: Protection from sunburns.
- Heart monitor & electronic noisemaker: Notifies others if person becomes zombie.
MREs (meals ready to eat) are culinary delights that can be found at most military surplus stores and many online stores. At around 1200 calories apiece and packed in a waterproof packaging, these meals can provide any combatant with a valuable boost. Menu options are varied, but some examples are omelets, hamburgers, vegetarian options, and even sloppy joe. Also, included in every package is a water activated heater; a much needed morale boost when under stressful conditions. Also, if you can't find any MRE's, then canned foods are great too. Astronaut food, food eaten by astronauts, are similar to MREs but may be extremely difficult to find.
Supplement PillsAnother great idea. They're small, lightweight, and can be found at any health food store. The only thing you need are a few carbs, and you've had your meal for the day. But should not be your main food supply.
A bowl/plate box that contains your cutlery, commonly used by soldiers before the invention of MRE's. Modern ones contain a knife, spork, collapsible cup, collapsible bowl and cutting board.
Canned foods are processed in such a way that the food inside retains water, protects against bacteria growth, has a very long shelf life, and is edible right out of the can. These features make it one of the best food storage methods for anyone defending a position where they are unable to procure or use fuels to cook their foods, where they must stay for an extended period of time, or where weight is not a concern. The downsides to canned foods are their weight and the need to use a specialized tool to open them (which is not a problem with “pull top” canned foods). Larger cans can also serve a dual purpose as cooking pots or as the casing for an improvised explosive device.
Canned food is mostly found in supermarkets and should be your 1st priority when searching for food.
A portable stove is a cooking stove specially designed to be portable and lightweight, used in camping, picnicking, backpacking, or other use in remote locations where an easily transportable means of cooking or heating is needed. Portable stoves can be used in diverse situations, such as for outdoor food service and catering and in field hospitals.
Since the invention of the portable stove in the 19th century, a wide variety of designs and models have seen use in a number of different applications. Portable stoves can be broken down into several broad categories based on the type of fuel used and stove design: unpressurized stoves that use solid or liquid fuel placed in the burner before ignition; stoves that use a volatile liquid fuel in a pressurized burner; bottled gas stoves; and gravity-fed "spirit" stoves.
Used for cooking food while camping or backpacking. Designed to run off propane bottles or fuel cartridges.
RopeThere are literally thousands of things you can do with a rope. It can be used to make traps. It can also be used with a tarp to make a makeshift shelter, or to bind a thief, the uses are limitless.
A cable tie (also known as zip tie, zap strap, zip strip, wire tie, tie wrap, quick draw, rat belt, or mouse belt) is a type of fastener, especially for binding several electronic cables or wires together and to organize cables and wires. A very useful thing to have, since it has so many uses, like attaching a flash light to your gun or keep your reel on a fishing pole. You should have a few dozen if not more. Can also be used to restrain a hostile human.
Elastic bands designed for use in aircraft and parachutes, bungee cords are elastic and can be used to tie down or hold heavy loads in place.
Sticky tape has thousands of uses, and no survivor should be caught without it.
To repair damaged clothing when replacements are not available. The Sewing Kit is a Repair Kit that allows the survivor to restore lost durability on certain equipable items, lengthening the duration they can be used.
The KING of the apocalyptic world. It has so many uses, from opening things to smashing zombies' brains. If it can be wielded by a silent theoretical physicist to kill quadrupeds, face-hugging aliens, then it can kill a zombie. Try to avoid using the backside of it, since it might get stuck. Made of medium carbon steel, they can be made from titanium also, which has the advantage of being lighter, nonmagnetic, and spark-resistant. It gets it's name for it's resemblance of a crow's foot. You should have one in your garage somewhere, but if you don't, it will only cost about ten dollars at your closest hardware store. Also useful for prying open doors, breaking windows, or you can use it for it's original use, which is opening crates.
A tool designed to increase a person's ability to see long distances. A good tool for spotting zombies, survivors, animals and a shelter.
Basically, a small collapsible shovel. Entrenching tools are issued to soldiers, but can be obtained from military surplus stores. They can be used to dig out stuck vehicles, dig trenches, create latrines, dig foxholes, and can be used as an improvised weapon.
If one is doing a lot of walking, one of these can be a real life saver. Fairly easy to make, these are very useful aids while walking. Take for instance, testing out how firm the ground is near a swampy area- at the very worst, you only need to replace your stick, and at best you'll find a clear path through the swamp, or around it, and just need to clean off your stick.
WaterThe fluid that sustains all earthly life, survivors will require a minimum of two quarts a day to stave off dehydration. Water is a vital item for the apocalypse.
Water Purification equipment
Iodine, purification pumps, boiling, chlorine and bleach can all be used to disinfect most of the water you come across.
Water is necessary for survival; you last far longer without food than without water. There are several type of devices that you can store it in.
- Water Bottles
- Either disposable or reusable, extremely common.
- Usually made of steel, aluminum, or durable plastic, canteens are an easy way to store, and even purify water (boiling inside metal canteens). Canteens can also fit into cups designed for them as cooking pots
- Camel Bak
- A specialized pouch with attached tubing meant to be filled with water and stored in a pack or attached rucksack, Camelbaks were originally designed for the U.S. military, and have since seen widespread use with hikers, cyclists, and survivalists
Lightweight shelters designed for use in backpacking, climbing, hunting, and camping. Tents are great when you need light, easy to assemble shelter, but they offer little defense from bandits and zombies.
TarpsTarps are made of a special waterproof fiber that creates a great moisture and wind barrier. Tarps take up less space and weight than a tent, but they also require rope to string into a shelter. Tarps are commonly used to keep water from seeping into tents from the bottom or top.
Sleeping bags are insulated fiber sacks that you sleep in. While they defend you from harsh winter cold, they will also trap you if you are attacked in your sleep. It is recommended to leave it unzipped if there is a chance of attack.
A blanket is a type of bedding, generally speaking, a large piece of woven cloth, intended to keep the user warm, especially while sleeping or lying down.
Blankets are distinguished from bed sheets by their thickness and purpose. Blankets are thicker; even the thinnest blanket is thicker than the heaviest sheet. Blankets are generally used for warmth and comfort, while sheets are for hygiene, comfort and aesthetics. Blankets were traditionally made of wool because of wool's warmth, breathability and natural fire-retardant properties, while sheets were made of cotton or linen or silk, which are less irritating to the skin. Nowadays, synthetic fibers are frequently used for both.
Blankets are usually used in conjunction with beds to make them warmer, but they can be used in place of a sleeping bag. Blankets may not protect you from the same temperatures that sleeping bags do, but you won't get trapped in one.
Emergency ponchos are meant to be worn when there is a sudden rainstorm. They possess similar qualities as tarps, but are far less durable. In an emergency they can also be used to make an improvised shelter.
Emergency blankets are thick foil sheets designed to trap and reflect heat. The materiel is not very durable, but can be used in making shelter. Keep in mind the amount of noise these devices make, because they could be a dead giveaway to ghouls.
Useful for dark places. This might attract zombies, so only use it when you need it. It is recommended to get a hand-crank one. Certain Mag-Lites even double as improvised bludgeoning weapons. If you do decide to get a battery operated light, make sure that you get some extra batteries.
Chemical Light Sticks
Running off of hydrogen peroxide and a few other chemicals, chemical light sticks have been a favorite among ravers and children alike. These "glow sticks" can last over 24 hours and some have the ability to light entire rooms. The problem: they are not renewable. You cannot refill or recharge a glowstick like a lighter or a flashlight, and you cannot focus their light at a specific target. However, glowsticks can make outstanding signaling devices in the dark. Also they tend to have the ability to distract zombies, giving you time to kill them or escape.
Very similar to glow sticks, flares are capable of illuminating an entire area and are great at signaling at
night. However, flares also have the ability to catch things on fire. But this brings some drawbacks, flares can't be used inside of buildings because of risk of fire, and they have the ability to fill structures with asphyxiating smoke. There is also the risk of setting forests and grasslands ablaze. Use flares with caution.
Those small candles you see in metal dishes, they can burn for a few hours and a couple of them can light up a room. All open flames carry an inherent risk of fire, so make sure to take precautions when handling them.
Lighter or Matches
For lighting candles and starting a fire in case you're getting cold, but make sure you use caution, because light will attract zombies, and possibly people, running you the risk of being killed in your sleep. Lighters are recommended to matches, because a lighter is easier to use. If you have to use matches, then try to get the water-proof kind.
Flint and Steel
This tool is probably the most useful fire starters available. Not only are they waterproof, but they can also withstand thousands of strikes without becoming unusable.
Duffel BagThey can carry a lot of gear but can be cumbersome and heavy when running from the infected.
A messenger bag (also called a courier bag) is a type of sack, usually made out of some kind of cloth (natural or synthetic), that is worn over one shoulder with a strap that goes across the chest resting the bag on the lower back. While messenger bags are sometimes used by couriers, they are now also an urban fashion icon. Some types of messenger bags are called carryalls. A smaller version is often called a sling bag.
They are ideal, but if you overload your pack it can cause back pain and stress on yourself when running and traveling long distances. It's really your choice of backpack, but some packs are better than others. It is best to avoid cheap knockoff types, such as the stereotypical 'book bag", these break quite quickly. A better bet than that would be a bag that is custom-made for your needs. After the apocalypse is in full swing, you shouldn't be too hard pressed to make it to a military surplus store and get a good pack. There's a reason the military use 50-pound backpacks when they're running.
A pocket is a bag- or envelope-like receptacle either fastened to or inserted in an article of clothing to hold small items. Pockets may also be attached to luggage, backpacks, and similar items. In older usage, a pocket was a separate small bag or pouch.
They cannot fall off, and they take up less space than packs ,they also normally can't be removed by a zombie.
But they can only carry carry a few items,and they cannot slip off when a zombie takes hold of them. With a pack you can grab a few essential items ,and run away if necessary unlike pockets
A belt is a flexible band or strap made of leather or heavy cloth meant to be worn around the waist. Belts can become improvised tourniquets, or even whips. There are several types of belts that would be useful to a survivor:
- Utility belts
Designed for holding tools for repairmen, mechanics, carpenters, and construction workers. These belts are extremely tough and can last for decades if maintained properly.
- Police duty belts
Nylon or leather belts worn by police. They contain a radio pouch, a handgun holster, handcuffs, key holders, chemical sprays, flashlights, magazine pouches, baton holder, disposable gloves, a first aid kit, and a knife pouch. They are fairly rare and are only ever encountered in the possession of police officers, dead police officers, and undead police officers. They may also be found in police cars, and police stations.
- Tactical/Military belts
Military vests are designed to hold equipment like gear and ammo, and many are also ballistic vests. They are designed with some sort of webbing which allows for the interchanging of accessories and equipment holders. However, walking around in military gear and carrying conspicuous will undoubtedly make you a target. A man armed with a $400 .30-06 from Walmart can easily shoot and kill a "range commando" who has been outfitted with thousands of dollars in military equipment. This sort of equipment is readily available in most outfitters, sporting goods stores, uniform stores, and outlets catering to military personnel, police, and practical shooting aficionados. While such gear can be found in surplus stores as well, some older systems are not modular; one would ideally
A bug out bag is a kit filled with survival essentials, and is primarily used as an emergency evacuation kit. Bug out bags are meant to keep a person alive for a minimum of 72 hours - the average amount of time it takes for relief organizations such as the Red Cross to mobilize their forces and to begin assisting survivors. Bug out bags are commonly placed inside of vehicles, in homes, and in businesses when allowed. Bug out bags are useful in zombie apocalypses when used to escape infested areas, overrun bases, and evade raiders in some cases. Max Brooks even mentions them in his book The Zombie Survival Guide under the name “survival pack” (pages 74-75).cquire load-bearing equipment incorporating the PALS/MOLLE attachment system.
Police vests are Designed to hold gear a police officer would normally wear on his belt like handcuffs, gloves, a
baton, capsicum spray, a Taser, a first-aid mask and a radio . they take a lot of weight off your hips and put it on your shoulders making it easier to carry. they may also offer ballistic protection and in a zombie apocalypse will give some protection against zombie bites. They can be found in Police stations Dead and undead police officers living officers and police cars.
Bug Out Bag
A bug out bag is a kit filled with survival essentials, and is primarily used as an emergency evacuation kit. Bug out bags are meant to keep a person alive for a minimum of 72 hours - the average amount of time it takes for relief organizations such as the Red Cross to mobilize their forces and to begin assisting survivors. Bug out bags are commonly placed inside of vehicles, in homes, and in businesses when allowed. Bug out bags are useful in zombie apocalypses when used to escape infested areas, overrun bases, and evade raiders in some cases. Max Brooks even mentions them in his book The Zombie Survival Guide under the name “survival pack” (pages 74-75).